Acts of the Church 1
Garnett Church of Christ is going through an important movement right now. We are selecting new elders, we are selling our building, and we are seeking some restructuring in our staff to more fully live out our mission "to invite all people into Christ-centered lives." We believe all people--inside and outside of the church, staff, elders, members, non-Christians--must take steps closer to Jesus. We want to become less self-centered and more Christ-centered everyday. As part of this new movement in our church, we are returning to the roots of the church in the book of Acts in the New Testament. So January 19, we began a new preaching series on Acts, then directly after the worship at 10, we are digging deeper into study of the book of Acts in an all-church auditorium class.
In this auditorium class I'm teaching like I taught in villages in Uganda. Different men, women, teenagers will read the text we are studying, some will go out of the room to practice a skit they come up with to act out the text, others will ask good questions of the text. We will pray over the text, be confessional, ask our honest questions, be willing to say, "I don't know," and focus on questions that help us become more Christlike.
During this study, we are also looking for themes about leadership, because our elder selection process calls for study of elder qualifications and selection. Acts contains good stories about how the early church selected leaders.
Sunday we enjoyed laughter, good questions, and a skit by three men--Conner Fields, Clarence Davis, and John Dickmann--that showed how the apostles prayed, asked the Holy Spirit to direct them, nominated two men, then drew straws to select one man to replace Judas so there would be twelve apostles, symbolic of the twelve tribes and a continuation of Christ's selection of twelve apostles who would lead the first church.
Here are the questions class participants asked with any comments I can give right now.
- Where does it say 120 followers? (Acts 1:15)
- Should non-apostles cast lots to make decisions? While the idea of apostolic succession has been strong in the Catholic Church, in order to keep biblical interpretation and direction of the church strong, the weakness of this approach is that it leaves the 99% of non-apostolic leaders weak. I believe Christ left us the Holy Spirit to fill us and lead local communities of followers, and apostolic succession tends to rely on men and not the Holy Spirit.
- How were lots cast? This can be easily looked up online. I don't know exactly how, but it was a kind of chance, like drawing straws or throwing dice, but the apostles nominated, prayed, then considered this method the word of the Lord.
- Is this the last time angels appear in the New Testament? Not the last time there is a vision (Peter received a vision and heard "a voice" in Acts 10; Paul received a vision from Jesus, later "a man" telling him to go to Macedonia, then a messenger to encourage him, "I have many people in this city," one time when he was discouraged.
- Is Acts the last book written chronologically in the New Testament? No, written around AD 64, and books were probably written from AD 50 - 94.
- Why is Judas's death account again added to Acts and does it agree with what's in the gospels. Acts is more of a commentary and reason given for needing to choose another man.
- Who are the women disciples? Acts 1:14 says "women and Mary the mother of Jesus." It's significant that the women are mentioned, that women would take a role in the new church, an increasingly important idea throughout the gospels, with Jesus often interacting with women, women following, caring for Jesus, being the first to witness and tell of the resurrection.
- Why so little written about the 40 days of appearing? We find some mention and additional stories in the gospels, particularly John's gospel (John 20-21), very powerful stories.
- What was the difference between John's baptism and the baptism the church practiced beginning in Acts 2. For a discussion of this, see the book I co-authored with John Mark Hicks, Down in the River to Pray. Basically, John's baptism was about preparation for the Messiah and repentance. The baptism in Acts is baptism characterized by three important things: into the name, death, and resurrection of Jesus Christ, for forgiveness, and to impart the Holy Spirit.
- What is the significance of the twelve apostles? Without a doubt the twelve was a significant number because of the famous 12 tribes of Israel, so it's no accident that Jesus selected 12 apostles, and it's no accident the apostles wanted to remain 12 as long as possible as the new church began.
- Was there an apostle from each tribe? I don't think so; this is not explicitly said or denied in Scripture, but these guys are not the famed patriarchs of their tribes but fishermen, tax collectors, and they probably would not have been considered as leaders of tribes at that point in Jewish history, but I have not researched this good question much.
Next week I'll preach on "An Acts 2 Church" and we'll look at what it means to be an Acts 2 Church more deeply in our class, act out the pentecost events, and ask more good questions. See you next week.